T H E _A R C H I T E C T _P A I N T E R
Architecture rests on intellectual as well as material foundations. _Colin Rowe
JEF7REY HILDNER | THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT ARLINGTON Graduate Theory Seminar: Spring 2002 [see related Fall 2001 Studio]
Now and forever the architect is going to replace the set designer.
THE MOVIES WILL BE THE FAITHFUL TRANSLATOR OF THE ARCHITECT’S BOLDEST DREAMS.
| Luis Buñuel (1927)
 
 
FILM ARCHITECTURE: CINEMATICS OF SPACE AND FORM. A seminar on literal and metaphorical connections between architecture and film. Significant films --- The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, Strike, Metropolis, Berlin: Symphony of a Great City, Things to Come, The Fountainhead, Playtime, Stardust Memories, Blade Runner, Cinema Paradiso, Manhattan, Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, and many others --- in which architecture and/or urbanism are major visual and psychological dramatis personae and/or the architecture of the visual frame is central to a film's aesthetic structure, provide the basis for examination of the essential artistic problem of Story and Form. In addition to emphasis on the interplay between action and environment, the course also addresses the origins of motion in modern art, the development of a grammar of narrative/visual devices, and parallel developments in architecture and allied plastic and digital/CGI arts. Ultimately, the course emphasizes the contributions of set designers/art directors in constructing imaginative worlds in which architecture functions as a member of the cast --- as the stage set for the drama of life. The course includes film viewing (including independent and web-based films), lectures, and discussion of readings. Students are introduced to specific software applications as environments in which to produce and present a digital-based research or creative project.
MANIFESTO | JEF7REY HILDNER (2001)

1. ARCHITECTURE IS THE STAGE SET FOR THE DRAMA OF LIFE.
ARCHITECTURE is SCENERY (SEE-nery), the MISE-EN-SCENE for the action---the tragedy and comedy---of human drama.[mise-en-scène = "the physical setting of an action : CONTEXT b : ENVIRONMENT, MILIEU synonym see BACKGROUND"]

2. FILM IS THE MATRIX OF THE ARTS.
FILM is the art form that can include all others---the one in which architecture can find radical, unlimited, and influential expression. [MATRIX: Etymology: Latin ---mater  = mother; a situation or surrounding substance within which something else originates, develops, or is contained: "Freedom of expression is the matrix, the indispensable condition, of nearly every form of freedom." ---Benjamin N. Cardozo [www.dictionary.com/cgi-bin/dict.pl?term=matrix]


TEXTS
Film Architecture: Set Designs from Metropolis to Blade Runner
(1996)
Dietrich Neumann. Paperback (September 1999) Prestel USA; ISBN: 3791321633
Additional readings include selections from:
Russian Formalist Criticism: Four Essays (1965) by Lee T. Lemon and Marion J. Reis; University of Nebraska Press; ISBN: 0803254601
Film Form (1949) by Sergei Eisenstein; Harvest Books; ISBN: 0156309203
The Metropolis of Tommorrow (1929) by Hugh Ferris; Princeton Architectural Press; ISBN: 0910413118
Somewhere in the Night (1997) by Nicholas Christopher; Henry Holt; ISBN: 0805056998
PROGRESSION
Week 1: MONTAGE
a. Introduction by Dietrich Neumann, pp. 7-9
b. "The Explosion of Space: Architecture and the Filmic Imaginary" by Anthony Vidler, pp. 13-25, especially pp. 13-17 (up to "Psycho-Spaces") & pp. 22-24 (note passages about CALIGARI)
Week 2: STORY & FORM
a. Section on CALIGARI (1920): pp. 50-57
b. Biographies of Walter Reimann, Walter Rohrig, and Hermann Warm; pp. 202 & 204
c. "Film Architecture--Film Architect?!" by Walter Reimann; pp. 189-90
Week 3: MODERNITY
a. Section on PLAYTIME (1967): pp. 140-147
b. Biographies of Jacques Tati and Jacques LaGrange; pp. 203 & 199
b Watch DVD of THE GLASS HOUSE (2001)
Week 4: URBAN VISIONS
a. Section on METROPOLIS (1927); pp. 94-103
b. Biographies of Otto Hunte and Erich Kettelhut; pp. 198-99
Week 5: URBAN VISIONS
a. "Sites of Desire: The Weimar Street Film" by Anton Kaes; pp. 26-33 
b. Section on DIE STRASSE (The Street) (1923); pp. 72-73
-- in preparation of viewing of BERLIN: SYMPHONY OF A GREAT CITY (1927)
Week 6: URBAN VISIONS
a. Compose Log lines for: Metropolis, Kimball Museum of Art, and your studio project
b. Section on L'INHUMAINE (The Inhuman One) (1924); pp. 80-83
c. Biography of Robert Mallet-Stevens; p. 200
Week 7: URBAN VISIONS
a. Section on THINGS TO COME (1936): pp. 118-121
b. Biographies of Vincent Korda and Laslzlo Moholy-Nagy; pp. 199 & 201
Week 8: URBAN VISIONS
a. Section on BLADE RUNNER (1982); pp. 148-159
b. "'Like Today, Only More So': The Credible Dystopia of Blade Runner '" by Michael Webb; pp. 44-47
c  Biographies of Syd Mead and Lawrence G. Paull; pp. 200 & 201
Week 9: BEHIND THE SCENES
a. Section on LOST HORIZON (1937); pp.122-25
b. Section on JUST IMAGINE (1930); pp. 112-115
c  Biography of Stephen Goosson; p. 197
Week 10: SOUND OFF
a. "Before and after Metropolis: Film Architecture in Search of the Modern City" by Dietrich Neumann; pp. 33-38
Week 11: BACKSTORY
a. Section on THE FOUNTAINHEAD (1946); pp.126-133
b. Biography of Edward Carrere; p. 196
c  "Film Architecture--Today and Tomorrow?" by Walter Reimann; p. 193
Weeks 12-15: FADE OUT
Presentation of Student Projects

COURSE REQUIREMENTS Attendance, Readings, Class Participation, Final Project


FILMS
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) (1921 USA)
Directed by Robert Wiene; Writing credits: Hans Janowitz, Carl Mayer
Sets/Art Direction: Walter Reimann, Walter Rohrig, Hermann Warm
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/stores/detail/-/dvd/6305075492/tech-info/103-2699666-0131812
Strike (1925)
Directed by Sergei M. Eisenstein; Writing credits: Grigori Aleksandrov, Sergei M. Eisenstein 
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305908753/qid=1010861701/sr=2-3/ref=sr_2_75_3/002-4594145-4441604
L'Inhumaine (The Inhuman One) (1924)
Directed by Marcel L'Herbier; Writing Credits: Pierre MacOrlan
Sets/Art Direction: Robert Mallet-Stevens
The Last Laugh (1924)
Directed by F.W. Murnau; Writing credits: Carl Mayer 
"The old doorman at the Hotel Atlantis is proud of his job and he does it well - too well."
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00005ASOR/qid%3D1002342427/ref%3Dsr%5F11%5F0%5F1/104-8081195-0965505
Berlin: Symphony of a Great City (1927)
Directed by Walter Ruttmann; Writing credits: Karl Freund, Carl Mayer
"This movie shows us one day in Berlin, the rhythm of that time, starting at the earliest morning and ends in the deepest night." B/W, Stereo, 62 min.
DVD includes Opus 1 (Directed by Walther Ruttmann): Germany, 1922, Color, Stereo, 10 min.
"Director Walther Rutmann's hand-colored film is an exploration of the geometry of movement."
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305301697/qid=1002340967/ref=sr_11_0_1/104-8081195-0965505
Metropolis (1927)
Directed by Fritz Lang; Writing credits: Fritz Lang
Sets/Art Direction: Otto Hunte, Erich Kettelhut, Karl Vollbrecht
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305013578/qid=999474537/sr=1-2/ref=sc_d_2/103-2699666-0131812
October (Ten Days That Shook the World)
Directed by Grigori Aleksandrov, Sergei M. Eisenstein; Writing credits: Grigori Aleksandrov, Sergei M. Eisenstein 
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305186774/qid=1002342017/sr=1-5/ref=sr_1_3_5/104-8081195-0965505
Sunrise (1927)
Directed by F.W. Murnau; Writing credits: Hermann Sudermann (story), Carl Mayer
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/stores/detail/-/dvd/B00003CX6D/tech-info/103-2699666-0131812
Asphalt (1929)
Directed by Joe May; Writing credits: Joe May, Hans Székely
Man with the Movie Camera (1929)
Directed by Dziga Vertov; Writing credits: Dziga Verto
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305131104/qid%3D1017817054/ref%3Dsr%5F11%5F0%5F1/102-5202963-3849733
Just Imagine (1930)
Directed by David Butler; Writing credits: Buddy G. DeSylva  (as DeSylva) & Lew Brown
Sets/Art Direction: Stephen Goosson
Things to Come (1936)
Directed by William Cameron Menzies; Writing credits: H.G. Wells  (also novel The Shape of Things to Come)
Sets/Art Direction: Vincent Korda
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B000056NWH/qid=999497125/sr=1-2/ref=sc_d_2/103-2699666-0131812
Lost Horizon (1937)
Directed by Frank Capra; Writing Credits: Robert Riskin, Sidney Buchman (uncredited), James Hilton (novel)
Sets/Art Direction: Stephen Goosson
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305416222/qid%3D1016912162/ref%3Dsr%5F11%5F0%5F1/102-5202963-3849733
Naked City, The (1948)
Directed by Jules Dassin; Writing credits: Albert Maltz 
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00000IYRJ/qid=999592095/103-2699666-0131812
The Fountainhead (1949)
Directed by King Vidor; Writing credits: Ayn Rand (based on her novel, 1934)
Sets/Art Direction: Edward Carrere
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6301969294/103-2699666-0131812
Playtime (1967)
Directed by Jacques Tati; Writing credits: Art Buchwald (additional English dialogue), Jacques Lagrange
Starring: Jacques Tati, Barbara Dennek, et al.
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00005B1ZM/qid=999593212/103-2699666-0131812
L'Année dernière à Marienbad (Last Year at Marienbad) (1967)
Directed by Alain Resnais; Writing credits: Alain Resnais, Alain Robbe-Grillet 
Black & White, Widescreen
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1572524308/qid=1002343141/ref=sr_11_0_1/104-8081195-0965505
Manhattan (1979)
Directed by Woody Allen; Writing credits: Woody Allen and Marshall Brickman 
Starring Woody Allen, Diane Keaton, Mariel Hemingway, Meryl Streep, Michael Murphy
Cinematographer: Gordon Willis
Black & White Widescreen
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0792846109/qid=1015223251/sr=1-1/ref=sr_1_1/102-5202963-3849733
Stardust Memories (1980)
Directed by Woody Allen; Writing credits: Woody Allen
Cinematographer: Gordon Willis
Black & White Widescreen
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0792846125/qid=1016911828/sr=1-3/ref=sr_1_3/102-5202963-3849733
Cinema Paradiso (1988)
Directed by Giuseppe Tornatore: Writing credits: Peter Fernandez (English version) Giuseppe Tornatore 
ww.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/6305648522/qid%3D1012530479/ref%3Dsr%5F11%5F0%5F1/102-5202963-3849733
Gattaca (1997)
Directed by Andrew Niccol;  Writing credits: Andrew Niccol
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0767805712/qid=999592672/103-2699666-0131812
Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within (2001)
Directed by Hironobu Sakaguchi, Motonori Sakakibara; Writing credits: Hironobu Sakaguchi  (story)m Al Reinert
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/B00003CY5B/qid=999594368/sr=1-2/ref=sc_d_2/103-2699666-0131812
The Glass House (2001)
Directed by Daniel Sackheim; Writing credits:Wesley Strick
www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/search-handle-form/102-5202963-3849733

ADDITIONAL FILMS referred to and/or viewed in part or in full during the course include:
Dead End (1937), White Heat (1939), A Night to Remember (1958), Mon Oncle (1958), Tron (1982), 2010 (1984), Men in Black (1997); + WEB & SHORT FILMS: More, Mantis, The Periwig Maker, Copy Shop, Paranoid


411

DEVICES
moves
|THEMESmeaning
PHOTOGRAPHY/FILM
Eadweard Muybridge (1830-1904), "English-American photographer and motion picture pioneer, known for his photographs of animals and people in motion....He wrote The Horse in Motion (1878) and Animal Locomotion (11 volumes, including 100,000 photographic plates, 1887)."
ENCARTA.article
ENCARTA.video
Ascending Stairs
Galloping Horse
Joseph Nicéphore Niépcee (1765-1833), "French inventor, who made the first permanent photographic images....In 1826 he successfully made the first surviving permanent photograph, of the courtyard of his house..."
ENCARTA.article
www.niepce.com/
www.museeniepce.com/indexplorer.html
GENERAL
www.masters-of-photography.com/index.html
http://www.masters-of-photography.com/index.html [American Museum of the Moving Image]

PAINTING
GENERAL
http://artchive.com/
Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907)
www.moma.org/docs/collection/paintsculpt/c40.htm
Georges Braque Harbor in Normandy (1909)
Robert Delaunay Champ de Mars: The Red Tower (1911)
Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase (1911) + Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 (1912)
www.zumbacombo.com/duchamp/nu.html
Umberto Boccioni States of Mind: The Farewells (1911) [Panel 1 of triptych]; Simultaneous Visions (1911)
Giacomo Balla Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash (1912)


© 2002 | J E F 7 R E Y  H I L D N E R -- Visiting Professor of Architecture


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